To prepare during the summer I would suggest studying the following areas:
Basic vocabulary: numbers, colors, days of the week, months, classroom objects, family, farm and zoo animals.
The Definite Articles with nouns: (Feminine singular nouns in Spanish usually, not always, end with the letter “a”)
el (no accent), which means “the” for singular masculine nouns, for example: el lápiz (the pencil)
los, which means “the” for plural masculine nouns, for example: los lápices (the pencils)
la, which means “the” for singular feminine nouns, for example: la ventana (the window)
las, which means “the” for plural feminine nouns, for example: las ventanas (the windows)
Subject (Personal) Pronouns:
Yo, which means "I"
Tú (accent on the letter u), which means "you," and used informally with peers
Él (accent on the letter e), which means "he"
Ella, which means "she"
Usted, which means "you," used formally with persons of authority, for example
Nosotros, which means "we" when the group consists of all boys or mixed boys and girls
Nosotras, which means "we" when the group consists of only all girls
Ellos, which means "they," when the group consists of all boys or mixed boys and girls
Ellas, which means “they,” when the group consists of only all girls
Ustedes, which means "all of you" or “you all.” It is used as a “plural you” to a group of people (informally or formally).
From Fourth Grade and up, the verb "GUSTAR," which means "To Like," is often used to create simple sentences.
Me gusta, which means "I Like"
Te gusta, which means informally, "you like"
Le gusta, which can either mean "he likes," "she likes," or formally "you like"
Nos gusta, which means "we like"
Les gusta, which means "they like"
The main verb that is taught to conjugate (from fourth grade and above) is the verb "SER," which means "TO BE."
The other three main verbs are: "TENER," which means "To Have," "IR," which means "TO GO," and "TENER QUE," which means "To Have to do something." The seventh and eighth grade students know how to conjugate a few verbs in the present.
The resource that goes along with our middle school textbook (and which will be used starting in sixth grade) is the textbook's own website.
Independent Study: Visit http://www.classzone.com/
Select your subject: World Languages Select “High School” grade level (the textbooks are used in public schools)
Select your state: California
Select Your Book: ¡Avancemos! 1 uno
ClassZone online resources for students and parents provide instruction, practice, and learning support:
- The @Home Tutor provides leveled interactive practice with audio, video, and Animated Grammar to help all students prepare successfully for tests.
- The Animated Grammar helps students learn Spanish grammar in a fun and lively way.
- Get Help Online has downloadable activity pages to provide additional review and practice for struggling students.
- Cultura Interactiva introduces students to the rich culture of the Spanish-speaking world.
- Online Flashcards provide an interactive review of vocabulary and pronunciation with audio prompts and clip art.
- WebQuests and Self-Check Quizzes are also included online.
Tests and Quizzes: These will be given out for each lesson within each unit.